Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
DOMINATING NORTHEAST AFRICA , the Republic of Egypt has a land area of 386,660 sq. mi. (1,001,449 sq. km.), with a population of 80,335,036 (2007 est.), and a population density of 192 people per sq. mi. (74 people per sq. km.). Some 7,933,000 people live in Cairo, the capital, the 14th largest city in the world population, with a population density of 91,900 per sq. mi. (35,420 per sq. km.). Alexandria, the second largest city, has a population of 3,917,000 and a population density of 3,575 per sq. mi. (1,378 per sq. km.). Egypt is heavily reliant on the Nile River, and droughts over many centuries have caused severe food ...