Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Urbano Fra Paleo
ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY IS the study of the interactions between human cultures and nature through time and space, examining how the natural environment has influenced the historical processes and, conversely, how people have recognized and transformed their environment using technology This bilateral approach was designated by Christopher Smout. The goal is to place the natural world as an actor of history, an approach that social history has neglected. The object of study is ecological, where humans develop their habitat, examined from a historical perspective. The emergence of modern environmental history as a field of study took place between the 1960s and the 1970s, when concern about both emerging environmental crisis and environmental activism arose, and historians incorporated the concepts and models of ecology. The science of ecology, as the study of the relationships between biotic and abiotic elements within their environment, was considered the scientific basis for the rational and sustainable ...