Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Ellen J. Crivella
IN 1970, PRESIDENT Richard Nixon established the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as part of an executive reorganization plan. William Ruck-elshaus served as the first administrator, which is the title of the head of the EPA. The mission of the EPA is to protect human health and the environment. Because global warming and climate change can have effects on both human health and the environment, they are encompassed as part of EPAs mission. The vigor in which EPA pursues climate change research and policy recommendations is usually dependent upon how sympathetic the presidential administration is to such policies. In 2005, the EPA faced some criticism after a former oil lobbyist influenced reports about climate change. Since then, the agency has taken a closer look at the potential effects of global warming. More recently, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered EPA to become even further involved in global climate change remediation by ...