Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, IN Cambridge, Massachusetts, is the oldest school of higher education in the United States. Founded in 1636, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the school was named Harvard College in honor of John Harvard, a clergy member who left half his fortune and his library to the college. Harvard University remains a private school governed by a corporation, the president, and fellows of Harvard College. Harvard offers undergraduate, graduate, and professional study in many academic disciplines (such as law, medicine, business, and education) in several schools and centers. The approach to teaching and research related to Earth systems, including climate, is integrated throughout the departments and inclusive of all disciplines. Many academic courses related to climate studies or atmospheric sciences are taught by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS), founded in 1890 by the merger of the College Faculty (also Faculty of the Graduate School) and the Scientific ...