Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Little Ice Age
Astrid E.J. Ogilvie
THE LITTLE ICE Age does not cover a clear and well-defined climatic regime and time-period upon which climate scientists agree. Glaciologists, to describe the most recent major glacial advance of the Holo-cene period, originally used the phrase. Subsequently, the Little Ice Age was associated with a period of advances of European glaciers 1450–1850. It is now often associated with a climatic regime with relatively cold temperatures. However, current research does not support a globally-synchronous period of unusual cold over this approximate period. The Little Ice Age was originally used to denote a period of moderate glaciation covering the past 4,000 years. In more recent and seminal work on the subject by J.M. Grove, the concept refers, not directly to climate, but specifically to a time, or times, of glacial advance; more precisely, to a period lasting several centuries within the last millennium, when glaciers extended globally and remained enlarged. Pioneers ...