Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
THE NETHERLANDS IS a wealthy European country with unique vulnerabilities to climate change. The country is creating proactive responses to anticipated rise in sea levels and increased flooding. It is working to meet the Kyoto Protocol, creating new government offices, and spending significant sums of money to make itself climate-proof. The country hopes that, through international agreements and domestic innovation, it will meet the challenges of climate change. The Netherlands is a prosperous, small, and densely populated river delta country in Northern Europe, with a parliamentary democracy, and a 2007 population of 16.5 million. It has the 16th largest economy in the world. The gross domestic product (GDP) in 2006 was approximately $688 billion. It ranks 10th in the world in GDP per capita. Its economy depends on industry, particularly metal and chemical processing, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. It is also a region of intensive agricultural and horticultural use. ...