Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Robin S. Corfield
THIS LANDLOCKED SOUTH American country has land borders with Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil, and covers an area of 157,047 sq. mi. (406,752 sq. km.). It has a total population of 6,036,900 (2003 est.), with a population density of 38.4 people per sq. mi. (14.5 people per sq. km). However, the real population density for much of the country is higher, as the country is bisected by the Rio Paraguay (Paraguay River), and the vast majority of the population lives in the eastern half of Paraguay. Only 6 percent of the land is arable, although 55 percent of it is used for grazing animals. The main environmental problem in the country is the lack of arable ...