Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
PERU'S 0.5 PERCENT contribution of greenhouse gases to the world's atmosphere is small, compared to the impact on Peru expected as a result of climate change. Peru is ranked as the fourth country most impacted by climate change. El Nino has regularly affected the 386,102 sq. mi. (one million sq. km.) of Peruvian territory, with droughts in the Andean south, and floods in the northern Pacific coast. These impacts, however, are small compared to the impacts of climate change. The 125 mi. (200 km.)-long White Mountain Range, the world's largest ice-covered tropical range and Peru's main concentration of ice, has been losing volume in the last 50 years. The glaciers are melting, leading to glacier reduction, the formation or increase of glacial lakes, and changes in ecosystem composition. The glaciers of White Range Park have retreated 82 ft. (25 m.) in Glacier ...