Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
SITUATED IN BOTH Europe and Asia, the Russian Federation has a land area of 6,592,800 sq. mi. (17,075,400 sq. km.), with a population of 142,499,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 21.8 people per sq. mi. (8.3 people per sq. km.). Moscow, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 10,654,000, with a density of 25,022 per sq. mi. (9,644 per sq. km.). The second largest city, Saint Petersburg, has a population of 3,990,267. In spite of the vast size of Russia, some 8 percent of the land is arable, with a further 4 percent assigned as meadows and pasture, and 46 percent of the country is forested, including vast expanses of the Siberian tundra. The per capita rate of greenhouse gas emissions from the Russian Federation was 13.4 metric tons in 1992, falling steadily to 9.9 metric tons per person by 2002, partially as the economy ...