Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST Republic of Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is a small, pear-shaped island of 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km.) lying off the southeastern coast of India. Sri Lanka has an extraordinary diversity of wildlife and vegetation because of its location near the equator and its remarkable range of terrain and climate. Although only a minute contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, the island is vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Sri Lanka's carbon emissions per capita are 161st out of 211 countries measured worldwide but more than doubled in the 10 years from 1990, largely in response to the country's increasing population. Like much of the rest ...