Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
LOCATED IN SOUTHEAST Asia, Thailand has a land area of 198,115 sq. mi. (513,115 sq. km.), with a population of 62,828,700 (December 2006) and a population density of 317 people per sq. mi. (122 people per sq. km.). Bangkok, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 6,593,000 and a population density of 9,418 per sq. mi. (3,630 per sq. km.). Traditionally, the economy of Thailand has been agricultural, and 34 percent of the land is arable, with an additional 2 percent used as meadows and pasture. With the increase in the tourist industry, as well as manufacturing, the importance of agriculture has declined, but it remains the country's major employer. Some 30 percent of the country is forested, with the timber industry being heavily regulated, although there are regular allegations of illegal logging. Thailand has a relatively low per capita rate of carbon dioxide emissions—1.8 metric tons ...