Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ajayi Oluseyi Olanrewaju
TRANSPORTATION CAN BE simply defined as the movement of people, goods, and services from one place to another. Its system consists of the fixed facilities, flow entities, and control systems that permit the free flow and efficient movement of people and goods from place to place across geographical boundaries. Basically, there exist three forms of transportation: the road, water, and air transport. The road transport systems are made up of the vehicular transport system and the rail transport system. The vehicular transport system comprises the different grades, sizes, and types of automobiles, and the rail transport system comprises the train systems of transportation. Water transportation also comprises the different shapes and sizes of water vehicles, known primarily as ships, boats, ferries, canoes, and so on. Air transport, in turn, comprises the different grades, shapes, and sizes of airplanes and helicopters. Each one of these means of transportation runs on fossil ...