Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Andrew J. Waskey
THE BERLIN MANDATE was a ruling reached at the first Conference of the Parties (COP 1) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in March 1995. It established a process for dealing with matters of climate change. The UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro. Informally, the conference was known as the Earth Summit. It adopted an international treaty binding countries together in a common effort to meet the challenge of global warming by reducing its effects, or at least by preparing for higher temperatures. The treaty specifically aimed to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions to prevent anthropogenic interference with the climate system. The UNFCCC was opened for signing on May 9, 1992. By March 21,1994, enough countries had ...