Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Martha C. Gning
Most theorists conceive of an institution as a set of rules or norms that shape individual or group behavior. Deinstitutionalization describes the weakening of the norms and rules that previously dictated individual and group behavior within organizations or, more generally, in the political arena. Institutions are often reinforced by a concrete set of formal organizations or procedures. When deinstitutionalization occurs, these formal organizations or procedures may breakdown as they lose broad support, funding, and other resources. Writing on deinstitutionalization falls into three broad categories: (1) studies of the breakdown of rational-legal institutions, (2) studies of the decline of formal organizations, ...