Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialist agency of the United Nations (UN), whose mandate is the protection of working people and the promotion of their human and labor rights. The ILO was set up in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles to facilitate international agreement on labor protection through the adoption of conventions and recommendations by its member states. It was the only major international organization to survive the demise of the League of Nations, and in 1946, the ILO became the first specialist agency of the UN. In 1969, the ILO was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution to peace through the pursuit of social justice. The ILO is made up of three principal institutions. The International Labour Office—the permanent secretariat headquartered in Geneva—comprises some 1,900 personnel from 110 different nationalities and headed by a director general; the International Institute of Labour Studies, the research ...