Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Citizenship refers to the status of being a citizen, usually enshrined in law. Citizenship may entail rights and responsibilities or result as a consequence of being part of a polity or community. In modern democratic states, the basis of citizenship is in having the capacity to participate in the electoral process. Participation entails a legal membership of a polity premised upon universal suffrage. Citizenship is a relationship between the state and the individual that comprises a series of rights and responsibilities. It may be defined objectively, as a legal status, or subjectively, as comprising a sense of belonging and identity. Legal citizenship defines the opportunity to vote, stand for public office, and the right to live and work in a given state. However, possessing legal rights does not necessarily encompass all that it means to be a citizen. The term citizenship also entails a subjective component; that is, the Citizenship ...