Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
War on Terrorism
The war on terrorism is the term used to describe the American-led global counterterrorism campaign launched in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In its scope, expenditure, and impact on international relations, the war on terrorism is comparable to the Cold War; it represents the beginning of a new phase in global political relations and has important consequences for security, human rights, international law, cooperation, and governance. The war on terrorism is a multidimensional campaign of almost limitless scope. Its military dimension has thus far involved major wars against Afghanistan and Iraq; covert operations in Yemen, the Philippines, and elsewhere; large-scale military assistance programs to cooperative regimes; and major increases in military spending. Its intelligence dimension has comprised institutional reorganization and considerable increases in the funding of America's intelligence-gathering capabilities, a global program of capturing terrorist ...