Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stephen T. Schroth & Jason A. Helfer & Michael D. Dooley
Bicycling is a human-powered form of transportation that is relatively quick and efficient when one travels distances less than five miles. Because it produces no greenhouse gas emissions, bicycling is a sustainable and ecologically friendly means of transportation, especially in cities facing congestion, pollution, and limited parking space. In cities throughout the world, where many trips are shorter than five miles, bicycling offers an attractive alternative to automobiles, buses, and light rail in helping cities become greener. Many cities, however, were designed in ways that fail to accommodate bicycling. Other forms of transportation also possess other attractions that dwarf those of bicycling. Because bicycling provides an alternative, environmentally friendly mode of transport to commuters who would otherwise ride public transportation or a private vehicle, however, it remains a viable option for commuters. As a result, numerous cities have explored the benefits of this practical and economical mode of transportation throughout ...