Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Sea Level Rise
Anthony R. S. Chiaviello & Felicia Bates
Within the next century—and possibly sooner—many of the Earth's coastal cities and agricultural lands will be at extreme risk because of the effects of the rising level of the planet's seas. Sea level rise, defined as the amount of increased volume of ocean, is caused by several factors and may eventually result in the flooding and erosion of coastlines and associated low-lying areas across the world. Some varied locations at high risk include cities such as New York City; Cape Lookout, North Carolina; London; Singapore; Galveston, Texas; New Orleans; and areas such as the Florida keys, Bangladesh, the Netherlands, the Maldives, and many other island nations, such as Kiribati, where evacuations have already begun. The causes of sea level rise include, but are not limited to, the following: Thermal Expansion: Caused by warming seas and water expansion upward, the primary cause of thermal expansion is global warming, the trapping Ice ...