Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jennifer Liss Ohayon
Bogotá, Colombia's capital and largest city, has received considerable international interest for its implementation of progressive policies and programs in several areas including urban mobility, public services, citizenry health and quality of life, and ecological protection. Bogotá can serve as a model for how a city of over 7 million inhabitants, and many of the challenges of a rapidly emerging megacity in the developing world, can achieve notable successes in the improvement and promotion of public and nonmotorized forms of transportation, public space reclamation, and measures to restrict private automobile use. The TransMilenio System, for example, was created in 2000 to give certain buses the exclusive right to specially allocated lanes. This Bus Rapid Transit system, encompassing 84 kilometers of busways and over 300 kilometers of feeder routes, has significantly increased citizen access to public transport. The system is being built in stages, and by 2030 it is scheduled to ...