Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Rafael D'Almeida Martins
The city of Curitiba is the capital of Paraná, a mainly agricultural state in the south of Brazil. The city is located 900 meters above sea level and 87 kilometers west of the Atlantic Ocean, near the coastal mountain ridge. Its land area covers approximately 435 square kilometers, and its population is around 1.8 million. It is known internationally for its progressive transportation system, social and environmental programs, preservation of the city's cultural heritage, and expansion of parks and green areas, and the city also has achieved international recognition for having charted an effective route to becoming a sustainable city. Despite its achievements, Curitiba faces the same problems that metropolises around the world do, including social inequality, overcrowding, pollution, and limited public funding. What is different about Curitiba is that its planners have deployed creative and inexpensive ways to respond to these problems. This includes the investment in an extensive ...