Carlos Nunes Silva
Biocentrism is a nonconsequentialist and nonanthropocetric ethical perspective concerned with the moral relationship between humans and nonhuman beings, animals and plants, and the Earth's natural environment, globally considered. Human beings face complex ethical dilemmas in their relationships with the natural environment and with other forms of life. These ethical problems have been addressed through different viewpoints. The article explores and discusses the place of biocentrism within the general framework of ethical approaches concerned with humankind's relationships with other living beings on Earth. The differing ethical perspectives can be grouped into two main dimensions. The first distinguishes consequentialist from nonconsequentialist or deontological ethical theories, and the second differentiates anthropological from nonanthropological ethical theories. A consequentialist perspective sees the outcome or the consequence of an action as the criterion to assess whether such conduct or action is ethically acceptable or not, if it is good or bad; conversely, a nonconsequentalist or deontological ...