Chapter 31: Trends, Paradoxes, and Some Directions for Research in Career Studies
Trends, paradoxes, and some directions for research in career studies In this short chapter, we will identify some emerging trends, some peculiar paradoxes that confront career-studies researchers, and some promising avenues for future research in this field. We begin by highlighting briefly some emerging trends in careers. As Feldman discusses in his chapter on late-career and retirement issues ( Chapter 9 ), the career issues facing older workers require greater theoretical and empirical elaboration than has been seen in the literature to date. This stream of research only increases in importance given the global demographic trends of declining fertility rates and rapidly aging populations. In most developed countries around the world, we can expect fewer younger workers and more older workers (Carnell, 2000). Although a fertility rate of 2.1 children per woman is needed just to replace the current population, in Europe the fertility rate has dropped to 1.42, and ...