Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: June 22, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781848608023 | Print ISBN: 9780761943907 | Online ISBN: 9781848608023| Publisher:SAGE Publications LtdAbout this handbook
Chapter 15: Gender and Work
Gender and work This chapter examines the parallel changes that have taken place over the last thirty years in gender roles and attitudes, and in paid employment. Women, particularly mothers, have taken up paid employment in ever-increasing numbers, and employment itself has become more flexible and less secure. Although women have gained full rights to equality in the workplace, they remain under-represented in higher-level jobs, and there is a persisting wage gap between men and women. There are a number of explanations for this continued pattern of disadvantage for women. The major explanation lies in the ideology of domesticity, which still allocates the major responsibility for caring work to women. Furthermore, in neo-liberal economies such as Britain and the United States, workplace intensification and increasing career pressures are making ‘career’ jobs even more problematic for individuals with caring responsibilities, who are usually women. This chapter examines the parallel changes that ...