Chapter 1: Social Work, Social Policy, and Welfarism
David G. Gil
Social work, social policy, and welfarism Social work and welfarism evolved as societal responses to systemic social injustice and social-structural ‘ill-fare’. To understand social work and welfarism, one has, therefore, to unravel the origins, functions, and dynamics of social and global injustice and social ill-fare. To do so, this chapter examines the following: 1 human needs as a frame of reference for individual and social development, well-being, and social and global justice; 2 meanings of social and global justice; 3 socially just communities and human nature; 4 universal dimensions of social policy systems; 5 emergence and spread of social injustice through coercive, undemocratic processes from local to global levels: oppression, domination, and exploitation; 6 economic systems, social justice, and social injustice; 7 welfarism and social work; and 8 social justice model of social work. Like all living beings, humans tend to grow and develop spontaneously, and to ‘fare well’ when ...