Chapter 2: Organizational Role Stress
Terry A. Beehr & Sharon Glazer
Organizational role stress All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. The study of role stress perhaps really began before or during the time of Shakespeare when Shakespeare's Jacques so poignantly noted, prior to Orlando's entrance onto the stage with Adam, that we are all mere actors playing multiple roles on the stages of life. On our various stages, we take upon ourselves different roles to play, and it is the expectations of others around us (e.g., supervisors and coworkers) rather than those of a playwright and audience that guide our behaviors on the stage set of the workplace. Even Shakespeare's Macbeth states that “life's but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage.” Here, Macbeth is ...