Chapter 15: Hispanic Masculinity: Myth or Psychological Schema Meriting Clinical Consideration
J. Manuel Casas & Burl R. Wagenheim & Robert Banchero & Juan Mendoza-Romero
Hispanic masculinity: Myth or psychological schema meriting clinical consideration The construct of male gender identity as it exists among the more traditional Hispanic cultures and subcultures, popularly referred to as machismo, has not received the serious and in-depth attention that it merits from theoretically driven and empirically based social science researchers in the United States and, in particular, from researchers within the realm of applied psychology. Much of what is known about machismo is based on early descriptive studies conducted mainly by anthropologists and sociologists. With respect to the anthropologists (e.g., Madsen, 1964), their findings, obtained from traditionally oriented rural communities, have tended to be little more than a reiteration of the stereotypic characteristics that are popularly believed to be an inherent part of machismo. Relative to the sociologists (e.g., De la Cancela, 1986), the majority of whose work is much more recent, the tendency has been to provide psychodynamic, ...