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Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience

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Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience

Clifton D. Bryant & Dennis L. Peck

Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: September 17, 2009 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412972031 | Print ISBN: 9781412951784 | Online ISBN: 9781412972031 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Ancient Egyptian Beliefs and Traditions

Janet Balk

The ancient Egyptians created a complex civilization that continues to be studied over 2,000 years after the death of the last pharaoh. An undercurrent of matters in ancient Egypt was their system of beliefs, at the center of which existed the struggle between order ( ma'at ) and chaos ( isfet ). When ma'at reigned, people were happy and prospered. When ma'at was not maintained, isfet occurred, the harvest was unsuccessful, the land was plunged into war, people suffered. Therefore, actions were taken to ensure the preservation of ma'at. The ancient Egyptian culture was rich and complex. Numerous rituals were a part of their system of belief and were woven into aspects of life, ranging from the mundane tasks of everyday living to abstract concepts. The religion of ancient Egypt garnered respect and wielded influence years after the system of government practices by Egypt's pharaohs. The culture and religion continues ...

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