Francine M. Deutsch
Egalitarian relationships are those in which partners equally share all benefits, burdens, and responsibilities. Although, in theory, the notion of an egalitarian relationship could apply to any dyadic relationship, such as friend, sibling, or coworker, research has focused primarily on married men and women. No good estimates of the percentage of egalitarian marriages exist, but it is widely agreed that gender inequality is the norm in married couples. Egalitarian relationships are in the minority. The purpose of this entry is to define egalitarian relationships , to discuss the hypotheses that account for them, and to foretell their future. Egalitarian relationships are found among couples of varying class backgrounds, albeit in different forms. An egalitarian college professor and dentist might work together to get their kids up, dressed, fed, and off to school; alternate after-school pickups; and share the evening cooking and cleanup, homework help, and bedtime routines. They might rely ...