Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: October 04, 2011 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412994163 | Print ISBN: 9781412959636 | Online ISBN: 9781412994163 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The realm of employment policy includes a diverse set of public programs and regulations that seek to improve a population's employment experience. In particular, employment policy attempts to reduce employment-related risks for the population, to improve the overall quantity of employment opportunities available, and to promote the quality of established employment relationships. Within employment policy, one commonly distinguishes between “passive” and “active” labor market policies: While passive policies focus on attenuating the consequences of market rule, for example, through offering unemployment insurance that guarantees income support during periods of unemployment, active policies intervene in the labor market to help the unemployed gain employment. Conceptually in between, labor laws regulate diverse aspects of the employment relationship, including issues such as nondiscrimination and unfair dismissal. Seen through a sociological lens, employment policies are an integral part of any stable labor market. Given the strong empirical and conceptual links of employment policies with ...