Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The title of editor is conferred on a wide variety of individuals who determine what appears in newspapers and magazines. The term editor today can refer to a newspaper's top executive or a lowly copy editor. Every news department, such as those responsible for a newspaper's sports, features, or business sections, usually has its own editor to assign or approve stories and manage reporters. By the early nineteenth century, the editor was the most important (and often the best known) figure at a publication. He (most were men) often combined several roles that were “editorial” in quite different senses of the word. A traditional editor was the paper's opinion-leader, executive, spokesman, literary stylist, and on occasion the publisher or owner. Such were the eclectic pioneers of the mid-nineteenth-century penny press, notably James Gordon Bennett Sr. at the New York Herald and Horace Greeley at the New York Tribune . Starting ...