Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Lee B. Becker
Among the activities that make up the work of journalists is information gathering, and the assembly and packaging of that information into reports. The terms most commonly used to refer to these activities are reporting, writing and editing. Also included are the making of photographs and of audio and video recordings; the production of graphic images; and the design of news products, such as newspapers, newscasts, and webpages. Journalists also express their opinions in columns, editorials, and cartoons. All of this activity is what is usually meant by news work. In a newsroom, the work of the journalists is differentiated into distinct jobs. Reporters generate story ideas, gather information, and write or produce reports. Photographers or videographers produce still or moving images. Editors and producers package the materials into a webpage, a newscast, a magazine, or a newspaper. Editorial writers and cartoonists produce specialized sections of the newspaper or newscast ...