Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Feminist News Media
Kathleen L. Endres
Feminist news media are best understood within the framework of the movements that shaped them. Feminism in the United States came in three phases or waves, each with its own feminist news media. The first wave started with the 1848 women's rights conference in Seneca Falls, New York, and encompassed the suffrage movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. First-wave feminists focused on personal rights of interest to middle-class women, education, property, employment, and the right to vote. These feminists developed their own newspapers and magazines. The second wave began in the early 1960s when feminism reawakened in America, Europe, and England. Second-wave feminism split into two branches—the more conservative faction that focused on legal reforms through organizations such as the National Organization for Women and the more radical “women's liberation” branch that became known for its public protests and consciousness raising. Believing “the personal is political,” second ...