Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Francis L. F. Lee
Hong Kong, an economically developed Chinese coastal city with 7 million residents, has a vibrant and well-developed modern media system, in which journalism plays a core part. A British colony from the 1840s to 1997, the city was returned to China as a Special Administrative Region (SAR) governed under the formula of “one country, two systems.” This formula was originally designed to stress that the capitalist system of Hong Kong shall remain unchanged until 2047. These days, the formula is often used more broadly to refer to Hong Kong's “right” to remain different from China in its political, economic, social, and legal systems. According to the government's record, by the end of 2006 there were 22 Chinese-language daily newspapers, 14 in English, 8 bilingual newspapers (Chinese and English), and 5 in Japanese. However, some of these newspapers serve very small and specific minority groups, and a few focus solely on ...