Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
International journalism refers to the production of news media around the world and reporting about foreign countries. Frequently it denotes coverage by Western correspondents of countries other than their own. This is of special concern because news travels unevenly across borders. This flow of news is dominated by large corporations and news agencies based in the United States and Europe, even as the Internet offers new opportunities for sharing and disseminating information. News media operate under varied conceptual frameworks that help explain the character of journalism in different countries. One of the earliest scholarly assessments is found in the influential work of Fred Siebert, Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schramm in their 1956 book, Four Theories of the Press , which divided the world's news media into four categories: authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet communist. In the half century since, their model has been criticized, expanded, and updated by others. ...