Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
International News Service
Christopher H. Sterling
The International News Service (INS) was an American news agency founded by newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in 1909 to serve his own growing chain of papers as well as other subscribers. Always a distant third to its larger rivals, the Associated Press and the United Press, INS combined with the latter in 1958 to become United Press International. In 1903, the Hearst publishing organization leased a telegraph line from San Francisco to New York, running through Chicago to allow its expanding newspapers in the three cities to share content. Some stories were also provided to other newspapers. This process of serving both Hearst and non-Hearst newspapers (no membership was required, as with Associated Press) became the Hearst News Service in 1904. Five years later, in May 1909 (by which time he published seven morning newspapers), Hearst established the American News Service with headquarters in New York. Just a few ...