Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Investigative Journalism Organizations
Investigative journalism organizations include those that sponsor and do investigations and others that act as professional associations and train journalists in investigative techniques. Investigative journalism organizations are a relatively new phenomenon. The first one, Investigative Reporters and Editors, began in 1975, while the Center for Investigative Reporting, which does investigations itself, began in 1977. Both are nonprofit and nonpartisan institutions. Over the next three decades, associations and centers expanded in the United States and into other countries, increasing to more than three dozen. The advent of investigative journalism organizations signified the institutionalization of the practice as an integral part of everyday journalism. The professional associations have thrived because they provide extensive training and a basis for dialogue among journalists that the news media do not. A 2002 study commissioned by the Knight Foundation found that the news media provided much less training to its employees than other businesses. Training in ...