Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
David P. Burns
Defining what countries constitute the Arab Middle East can be a tricky and politically charged exercise. The term Middle East defines a geographical area in Asia, but it lacks predefined borders. Although Egypt is largely located in North Africa, it is often included as a Middle Eastern nation due to the Sinai Peninsula's location in Asia and the country's Arab-speaking population and political influence in the Middle East. Iran is also counted as a Middle Eastern nation due to its political influence in the region and its location in Asia. Here, the Arab Middle Eastern borders include Egypt, the countries that make up the Mediterranean Sea's eastern border to Turkey (Syria, Lebanon, and the Palestinian Territories), the Red Sea's eastern coast (Jordan and Saudi Arabia), the Gulf of Aden's northern coast (Yemen and Oman), and the countries that abut the Persian Gulf (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and the Summarizing ...