Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The Pacifica Radio Foundation owns the licenses for and manages the affairs of five listener supported, noncommercial FM radio stations in the United States: KPFA in Berkeley, California (inaugurated in 1949); KPFK in Los Angeles, California (1959); WBAI in New York City (1960); KPFT in Houston, Texas (1970); and WPFW in Washington, D.C. (1977). Pacifica also funds and promotes news and public affairs programs for its own and nearly 100 affiliated community radio stations, most notably Democracy Now and Free Speech Radio News . The organization's main contribution to U.S. journalism has been the consistent airing of perspectives of the American and global political left that are often excluded from or marginalized by mainstream broadcasting. World War II–era conscientious objectors created the Pacifica Foundation in August of 1946. Pacifist Lewis Hill, nephew of an Oklahoma oil millionaire, had worked as an announcer at a news radio station in Washington, D.C., ...