Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Recording is the process of making a record, to preserve data, words, sounds, or images in some tangible form. Newspapers and magazines use quotations to capture the verbatim statements of people or documents. Photographs provide a visual record of how something looks, and photojournalism creates visual documentation of events. All of these applications may be journalistic forms of recording. In popular usage, recording is used more specifically to refer to the electronic preservation of sounds and images using audio and video technology. Even more narrowly defined, recording is used to refer to the music business itself, the “recording industry.” In this entry, “recording” is used to describe the processes used to capture and preserve journalistic sounds and images. Sound recording refers to the ability to convert acoustical energy (the vibrations of air molecules) into a preservable form for storage and distribution; this converted energy can be mechanical (i.e., the bumps ...