Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Scholarly research in journalism and media studies plays an important part in the academic field's health, prestige, and stability. Most faculty members teaching journalism, and especially media studies, are expected to conduct research. They cannot gain promotion or tenure unless they publish research that is significant in quality and quantity. The number of peer-reviewed journals publishing academic research in communication, journalism, and media (unless otherwise explicitly stated, all references below are to such journals) has increased in recent decades. Both individual scholars and publishing companies have inaugurated new journals; national academic organizations are agreeing to sponsor and sometimes to subsidize new journals; and new organizations are seeking to legitimize themselves and their perspectives by establishing journals. Proliferation of journals is not unique to journalism: there has been almost literally exponential growth in academic journal titles since the seventeenth century, as well as expansion in the number of pages of existing ...