Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Social Movements and Journalism
Social movements have relied heavily on news media not only to publicize their missions and goals but to create positive attitudes and opinions from the public. However, mainstream news media have often portrayed social movements as marginal or even deviant groups. As information and communication technologies (ICTs) develop, the relationship between journalism and social movements become more complex than ever before. The Internet age has empowered social movements to frame issues and publicize their activities without relying on major news media. Furthermore, the Internet has allowed ordinary citizens to report on movement-related issues through blogs, electronic bulletin boards, and online discussion forums using text, audio, and video formats. This ability of citizens to easily transmit and receive news and information without the media filter has transformed the relationship between journalism and social movements. Inasmuch as social pressure groups seek to mobilize people who support their objectives and build networks among ...