Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Throughout history, sports have been an occupation for some members of the leisure class, a restorative or leg up for some members of the working class, and an entertaining spectacle for many people in both classes. In parallel, sports journalism began as a means to chronicle the recreational pursuits of the leisure class, and while there are still magazines on yachting and fly fishing, sportswriting has expanded along with the leisure time and income of the working class to focus primarily on professional sports and their feeder leagues. For economic reasons, most sports journalism focuses on athletes and games that typically draw tens of thousands of fans to stadiums and arenas, hundreds of thousands to newspaper and magazine sports pages, and millions to television and radio broadcasts. Sports journalism is the linchpin in a symbiotic business relationship whereby professional sports teams, and their counterparts in the National Collegiate Athletic Association ...