Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Rex A. Martin
Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland, its metropolitan area the twentieth largest in the United States. In 2007, the population of Baltimore was 641,000 people to which the suburbs add another 2 million residents. The city is part of the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan region of 8 million people. Once an industrial seaport with an economic base in heavy manufacturing and shipping/transportation, Baltimore's economy has shifted since World War II to the services sector, with the largest employer no longer Bethlehem Steel, but the Johns Hopkins hospital and research center. Although lying just 40 miles northeast of Washington, D.C., Baltimore is a major media market in itself. With over 400,000 subscribers, the daily Baltimore Sun was the country's twenty-seventh largest in 2006. The same year, Baltimore was rated the twenty-fourth television and the twenty-first radio market. The colonial Maryland General Assembly created the Port of Baltimore in 1706. Due to its ...