Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Christopher H. Sterling
Formed shortly after the Havas and Reuters news agencies, for 75 years Wolff served as the primary German news agency, and one of a handful of international news services. Bernhard Wolff (1811–79) originally studied medicine. In 1847 and 1848 he served as a translator of medical and also financial news for the developing Havas Agency in Paris. After returning to Berlin and acting as editor of a newspaper, Wolff formed his own financial news cooperative in 1849. The Berlin Telegraphische Anstaltt made early use of the spreading network of electric telegraph lines. Most of Wolff's initial clients were banks and other businesses, not newspapers. Taking over several smaller competitors, he broadened his operation to cover general news in 1855 and took on newspaper clients. By 1859, Wolff was exchanging news with both Havas and Reuters. The operation underwent several name changes, finally becoming the Wolff'sche Telegraphische Büro. The Prussian government ...