Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Manny E. Paraschos
Boston is the birthplace of American journalism: the first three newspapers in colonial America were started there, beginning with Publick Occurrences, Both Forreign and Domestick in 1690. Modern Boston (pop. 600,000 or about 2 million with surrounding suburbs) is a media-rich city with many universities and information technology businesses, and serves as the hub of New England's political, commercial, scientific, artistic, educational, and sports activity. The Boston Designated Market Area (Boston–Manchester, New Hampshire) encompasses 2.4 million homes and is the seventh largest market in the country. Boston is credited with several other firsts in American journalism, including the first woman editor of a major paper, Cornelia Wells Walker of the Boston Transcript , 1842–47; the first woman founder of a major American daily, Mary Baker Eddy, who in 1908 created The Christian Science Monitor to promote “clean journalism” in the face of the prevailing “yellow journalism” of her time; The ...