Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Canada is the world's second-largest country in geographic area but its population, just under 33 million in 2008, is relatively small, only one-tenth that of the United States. A harsh winter climate and rugged northern terrain have led most Canadians to live near the country's long southern border with the United States, with communities becoming more widely scattered as one travels north. This geographic and cultural proximity to the world's leading communications superpower has profoundly influenced Canadian journalism and media. When seeking the origins of Canadian journalism, two seemingly unrelated events begin the investigation. One form of journalistic expression sprang up in an army camp in 1759 commanded by an arrogant British general, James Wolfe, who had been told to drive France out of North America. General George Townshend used his skills as a political commentator to communicate his dislike of Wolfe to those around him. Townshend's messages were relayed ...