Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Criticism and Critics
Yasmine T. Dabbous
Although traditions of American journalism typically command impartiality, some journalists are specifically read and valued for the subjective judgments they offer. These are the critics or interpreters of the American cultural landscape. Criticism comes from the Greek root kritikos or the Latin criticus , terms referring to a person able to make a sound judgment. In journalism particularly, the term refers to the discussion, usually in print, characterizing and appraising a cultural or artistic work. As they describe and analyze the object, critics provide their readers with information, opinion, guidance, and entertainment. They are full- or part-time employees who make a living out of their informed judgment. Critics specialize in the fields they write about. These mainly include art, theater (drama), literature (or books more generally), music, film, media, and food (restaurants). With the rise of computers and graphic software, the critics' repertoire has also come to comprise digital art. ...