Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Conciliation is a form of dispute resolution in which the third party, a conciliator or a pair of conciliators, intervenes to help disputing parties reconcile or settle their differences. It is similar to mediation in that it relies on an informal process and the parties' willingness to compromise. However, in contrast to mediation, which increasingly utilizes the assistance of specialized independent dispute resolution services in Anglo-American countries and Western Europe, any member of society can perform conciliation, such as a neighbor, a family member, and so on. It also differs from arbitration in that it does not impose a resolution on the parties, but achieves its results by compromise and agreement. Conciliation has the purpose of bringing about more harmonious relationships between parties, who try, with the assistance of a conciliator, to work out the terms of a contract in which each party gives to the other something it considers ...