Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Emma E. Buchtel & Steven J. Heine
Cultural psychology is the study of how one's culture affects one's mind: how one thinks and reasons, what one feels, perceives, and attends to, and how one interprets the world. Cultural psychology has emerged as an important field of psychological research as more studies have found that theories of psychology developed in the West and thought to be universal do not generalize well to other cultures. Grounded in a conception that mind and culture are mutually constituted, cultural psychological research strives to identify both the effects of culture in the mind and the effects of mind in culture. It includes many theories and debates, to illustrate, about the forms of cultures themselves (individualism-collectivism); about moral and justice systems (different codes of ethics); and how different cultures affect how we judge causation (attributions to forces internal versus external to the individual). Other theories and debates concern how we conceive of ourselves ...